Guide A Theological Account of Nat Turner: Christianity, Violence, and Theology

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  1. Download A Theological Account Of Nat Turner Christianity Violence And Theology
  2. Download A Theological Account Of Nat Turner Christianity Violence And Theology
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The American imitations lacked the colorful titles of the British charities, but they were most successful. Some, like the American Bible Society, still flourish. Stimulated by a gospel of hope and progress, churchmen distributed Holy Scriptures and religious tracts all over America, implanted Sunday schools to teach youngsters how to read scripture and simplified tracts, worked vigorously to suppress alcohol consumption, befriended sailors and young city apprentices far from home, placed prostitutes in domestic service, funded seminary training, and, as the first national lobbying effort and petition drive, urged Congress to stop the mails on Sundays.

Success came in This hard-fought cause provided the abolitionists with early experience in organizing similar campaigns. With regard to the disposing of slaves, these gentlemen of property and standing first followed the English example of Sierra Leone.

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It was a repository on the African West Coast for slaves that the Royal Navy patrols caught in the illegal slave trade. Colonization proved utterly impractical as well as wrong-headed on many counts. She was the first of many devout women to defy the more conservative male leadership in the antislavery cause in both countries. Her influence was instrumental in the eventual passage of the Emancipation Act of , which began the liberation of West Indian slaves, although she had died two years earlier.

He advocated offering slaves the full rights of American citizenship with no stipulation that they had to leave the country. The newly installed president, the very pious Arthur Tappan, capitalized the enterprise, and his brother Lewis Tappan administered the recruitment of members, organized the distribution of antislavery tracts, hired newspaper editors, and helped to establish chapters and meetings.

He was the tireless friend of Joseph Cinque , leader of the captured mutineers on the Amistad , whom the Supreme Court eventually ruled free. But students would be intrigued by this film. During the s, the majority of abolitionists were Northern white churchgoers and their clergy. No less active were African Americans, within the denominational system and outside it. Walker was a free black, originally from the South, with literary skills, passionate convictions about freedom, wide knowledge of literature, and a strong religious consciousness.

Did our Creator make us to be slaves to dust and ashes like ourselves? Less combative than Walker, and less murderous than Turner, who was captured and hanged, African-American lay and clerical leaders were also eager participants in the new movement. Nearly all the AA-SS chapters were closely affiliated with one church or another as the organization grew throughout the s.


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No less important were the female antislavery societies where such noted speakers as the Quaker Lucretia Mott, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, the eloquent black Sojourner Truth, and others began their speaking careers. At its greatest strength in the latter years of that decade, about , church people belonged to the AA-SS and its affiliates. The mode of conversion to abolitionism was identical with the revival style of worship. In , the Tappan brothers recruited Charles Grandison Finney, the leading revivalist of the Second Great Awakening —35 , to head the antislavery faculty at their newly founded Ohio college, Oberlin.

That institution was later to supply scores of missionary educators into the South after the Civil War. The Tappans also befriended and funded the brilliant Theodore Dwight Weld, whose team of young itinerant disciples from Lane Seminary at Cincinnati braved hostile receptions and won many converts throughout western New York, Ohio, Indiana, and Illinois.

The very appearance of this movement with its religious ideology alarmed newsmen, politicians, and ordinary citizens. They angrily predicted the endangerment of secular democracy, the mongrelization, as it was called, of white society, and the destruction of the federal union. Mob violence sometimes ensued. The abolitionist officers had sent bundles of tracts and newspapers to prominent clerical, legal, and political figures throughout the whole country. In the slave states, the reaction was apoplectic and more violent than in the North.

The postal drive thus revealed the fierce determination of white southerners to control their labor force.


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Abolitionist growth, however, had its price. The movement splintered in the late s. Garrison assumed control, but the organization was never the same.

Joshua Leavitt, and others entered the political arena and formed the Liberty Party. His nomination gained slight notice, but over the next decade, religious abolitionists grew ever more confident. They were to be instrumental in the evolution toward the Republican party and a major force in it beginning in the mids. Northerners, religious or not, grew ever more assertive about the vices of slave labor and the benefits of free labor. The religious element in the North found in the Republican party platform the inclusion of many of their preferences—from Sunday closings to prohibition.

But also, the more radical evangelicals were concerned that God-defying slaveholding was a curse to be checked by federal law if not wholly abolished by statute. Brown and some twenty, armed white and black men seized a federal armory intending to distribute the munitions and incite a slave revolt. During two days of fighting, about half the men were killed and Brown and others were injured. Ultimately, Brown surrendered and was hanged. The Rev.

The Nat Turner Rebellion Explained: US History Review

Thomas Wentworth Higginson, the Rev. Brown claimed godly inspiration, even if the result prompted a bloody, internecine war. Currently these issues are no clearer than they ever were. The cause of black freedom owed much to the sacrificial work of inspired, dedicated men and women from the eighteenth century through the Civil War. William Frost, The Quakers.

Download A Theological Account Of Nat Turner Christianity Violence And Theology

Westport, Con. Staudenraus, The African Colonization Movement , — New York: Columbia University Press, New York: Hill and Wang, , Bertram Wyatt-Brown is Richard J. To cite this essay: Wyatt-Brown, Bertram. National Humanities Center.

Download A Theological Account Of Nat Turner Christianity Violence And Theology

All rights reserved. Revised: March nationalhumanitiescenter. Benjamin Lay. David P. Winning the Culture War. Linda Rae Hermann. Judaism's Great Debates. Rabbi Barry L. American Zion. Eran Shalev.

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