Get e-book Prisons and Prison Systems: A Global Encyclopedia

Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. You can download and read online Prisons and Prison Systems: A Global Encyclopedia file PDF Book only if you are registered here. And also you can download or read online all Book PDF file that related with Prisons and Prison Systems: A Global Encyclopedia book. Happy reading Prisons and Prison Systems: A Global Encyclopedia Bookeveryone. Download file Free Book PDF Prisons and Prison Systems: A Global Encyclopedia at Complete PDF Library. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Here is The CompletePDF Book Library. It's free to register here to get Book file PDF Prisons and Prison Systems: A Global Encyclopedia Pocket Guide.


  1. Subject Guide
  2. Prisons and Prison Systems: A Global Encyclopedia - Greenwood - ABC-CLIO
  3. Criminal Justice
  4. Prisons and Prison Systems : A Global Encyclopedia

  • Kevin Red Star: Crow Indian Artist.
  • Bestselling Series.
  • Criminal Justice: Dictionaries & Encyclopedias!
  • Buy--DONT Hold: Investing with ETFs Using Relative Strength to Increase Returns with Less Risk.
  • Color of Justice!

Separate institution was established for the juvenile and young offenders. A number of juvenile institutions were established on the model of reformatories and Borstals. It has failed so far to regard the prisoner as an individual and has concerned of him rather as a unit in the jail administrative machinery. The Jail Committee also discouraged the use of corporal punishment in prisons. Prison labor must be productive. Its object must be for the reformation of the offender.

The Jail Committee also made valuable suggestions for after care programme and the welfare of the discharged prisoners. During , psychological and psychiatric treatment of the prisoners gained momentum.

In This Article

After Independence, several changes were made in the prison system in India. In the Constitution, administration of prison was included as a state subject. In the Indian Prisons, an ideal classification of prisoners were followed. The Prisoners availed facilities such as ticket of leave, educational and vocational training and medical facilities. It is said that the main object of the prison system must be reformation of the offender. Retributive aim must be avoided to the maximum extent. The prison authorities must take sufficient efforts to reform them.

Subject Guide

There are many persons who commit crimes because of sudden impulsiveness or the compulsion of circumstances. Some offenders might have to undergo the prison term because of miscarriage of justice. They would find it very difficult to adjust with other inmates and the prison officers. But in practice, the prison authorities enforce discipline and bring out reformation by compulsion or force. Consequently the reformation of the offenders is just momentary.

When he is released from the prison, he tends to do criminal acts.

Prisons and Prison Systems: A Global Encyclopedia - Greenwood - ABC-CLIO

Prison disciplinary system reflects the criminal justice processes used in the society. But in prison what is seen by one is, these processes at their extremes. In general, Prison discipline means the regulation or attempt on regulation of the prisoners by means of punishments for infraction of prison rules. The main aim of the incarceration is to generate a feeling of dislike for prison life among the members of the society. The object is to dissuade people from doing acts which may land them in prisons. William Howard Taft observes, that prisons are so planned as to provide unpleasant compulsory isolation from general society.

A prison characterizes rigid discipline, provision for bare necessities, strict security arrangements and monotonous prison life. The prison personnel are usually untrained without specialized training in their field. If the prisoners are not kept under proper control they may become restive. Prison life implies restriction on the liberty of an individual against his will. The atmosphere inside the prison must satisfy the safety and security of the prisoners.

It must also cause minimum amount of confrontation with the prison officials. Another problem which the authorities have to face is the prison riot. Nowadays the difference between the prison life and the life outside of the prison is reduced. Prisoners are aware of their rights and the duties of the prison officials. They can discuss with the other inmates and this gives them an opportunity to join together and complain about any erring officials. Those are a a line of period of expressive behavior and destruction; b small bands of inmates leaders emerged from the turmoil; c grievances were presented against the administration and appeal were made for public sympathy and support; d power gradually reverted to the prison authorities.

In India, the system of Self Government in prison hardly been successful. It is because of the lack of general moral discipline, lack of education and the circumstances. In India, a partial Self Government system is adopted. The Prisoners who have behaved well are selected. They have to work with the guards and wardens. They are given facilities. They are allowed to move out of the institution on certain occasions.

These concessions have certain merit. They create a sense of trust, loyalty among these prisoners. They also create a psychological feeling among the inmates that if they behave well they can also enjoy the facilities. Social Science Research guide. S 63 Legal Research Methods.

Behind Bars 2: South Cotabato Jail, Philippines - The World’s Toughest Prisons - Prison Documentary

General KF Reference JK What is Evidence? R 78 Background Readings What isTerrorism? The database features more than 1,, records with subject headings from a 15, term sociological thesaurus designed by subject experts and expert lexicographers. This product also contains informative abstracts for more than core coverage journals dating as far back as In addition, this file provides data mined from more than "priority" coverage journals as well as from over 2, "selective" coverage journals.

This database contains more than one million citations and summaries of journal articles, book chapters, books, dissertations and technical reports, all in the field of psychology. It also includes information about the psychological aspects of related disciplines such as medicine, psychiatry, nursing, sociology, education, pharmacology, physiology, linguistics, anthropology, business and law. Journal coverage, which spans from to present, includes international material selected from more than 1, periodicals in over 35 languages. The database contains more than , articles from 60 journals.

Offers current news pertaining to all branches of the military and government. The database also includes pamphlets and offers indexing and abstracts for nearly titles. The U.

Academic Video Online is a collection of full-length streaming videos. Also included in the subscription are full transcripts of each video program that are keyword searchable, easy playlist and clip making functionality, permanent embeddable URLs for easy use in online courses.

  1. Supervision in the Community: Probation and Parole - Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Criminology.
  2. In Excess: Sergei Eisensteins Mexico (Cinema and Modernity);
  3. Self-Assembly, Pattern Formation and Growth Phenomena in Nano-Systems: Proceedings of the NATO Advanced Study Institute, held in St. Etienne de Tinee, ... II: Mathematics, Physics and Chemistry).
  4. Lucene in Action: Covers Apache Lucene 3.0 (2nd Edition)?
  5. Academic OneFile is great for both popular and peer-reviewed full-text articles from the world's leading journals and reference sources. With extensive coverage of current events, physical sciences, technology, medicine, social sciences, the arts, theology, literature and other subjects, Academic OneFile is an excellent resource for general research.

    Criminal Justice

    Off-campus Availability:. Full-text Content:.

    This is a trial:. Attached files:. Explanation of the Difference between Journals and Magazines. How to Read a Research Study Article. Social Sciences. Human Services. Subscriber sign in.

    Prisons and Prison Systems : A Global Encyclopedia

    Forgot password? Don't have an account? Sign in via your Institution. Sign in with your library card. Search within Variation in the Structure and Scale of Control U. Show Summary Details Summary and Keywords Over the past half-century, the number of adults under criminal justice supervision increased precipitously in some Western countries, with carceral control in the United States reaching an unprecedented scale.

    Michelle S. All rights reserved. Sign in to annotate.