From to Kate attended the St. As a girl, she was mentored by woman—by her mother, her grandmother, and her great grandmother, as well as by the Sacred Heart nuns. Much of the fiction Kate wrote as an adult draws on the nurturing she received from women as she was growing up. Her early life had a great deal of trauma. In , her father was killed in a railroad accident.
In her beloved French-speaking great grandmother died. Kate spent the Civil War in St. Louis, a city where residents supported both the Union and the Confederacy and where her family had slaves in the house. Her half brother enlisted in the Confederate army, was captured by Union forces, and died of typhoid fever. From to Kate kept a commonplace book in which she recorded diary entries and copied passages of essays, poems, and other writings. At about nineteen, through social events held at Oakland, a wealthy estate near St.
It does not seem strange as I had thought it would—I feel perfectly calm, perfectly collected. And how surprised everyone was, for I had kept it so secret! On their wedding trip the couple traveled to Cincinnati, Philadelphia, and New York, and then crossed the Atlantic and landed in Bremen, Germany. Heidi M. The Chopins toured Germany, Switzerland, and France. They saw Paris only briefly, in September, , during the Franco-Prussian War, at a moment when the city was preparing for a long siege.
Kate never visited Europe again. Back in the States, the couple settled in New Orleans, where Oscar established a business as a cotton factor, dealing with cotton and other commodities corn, sugar, and molasses, among them. Louisiana was in the midst of Reconstruction at the time, and the city was beset with economic and racial troubles.
Oscar joined the notorious White League, a Democratic group that in had a violent confrontation with Republican Radicals, causing President Grant to send in federal troops. Kate may have met the French painter Edgar Degas, who lived in New Orleans for several months around She would have been observing life in the city, gathering material that she could draw upon for her fiction later in life.
The Chopins lived in three New Orleans houses. Like other wealthy families in the city, the Chopins would go by boat to vacation on Grand Isle, a Creole resort in the Gulf of Mexico. In the Chopins moved to Cloutierville, a small French village in Natchitoches Parish, in northwestern Louisiana, after Oscar closed his New Orleans business because of hard financial times. Oscar bought a general store in Cloutierville, but in he died of malaria—and Kate became a widow at age thirty-two, with the responsibility of raising six children.
She never remarried. But she then moved with her family back to St. Louis where she found better schools for her children and a richer cultural life for herself. Shortly after, in , her mother died. Not very tall, inclined to be plump, and quite pretty, she had thick, wavy brown hair that grayed prematurely, and direct, sparking brown eyes. Her friends remembered most her quiet manner and quick Irish wit, embellished with a gift for mimicry. A gracious, easygoing hostess, she enjoyed laughter, music, and dancing, but especially intellectual talk, and she could express her own considered opinions with surprising directness.
Frederick Kolbenheyer, her obstetrician and a family friend, encouraged her to write. Influenced by Guy de Maupassant and other writers, French and American, Kate began to compose fiction, and in one of her stories appeared in the St. Louis Post Dispatch. In her first novel, At Fault , was published privately.
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At Fault offers a compelling glimpse into what Kate Chopin was thinking about as she began her writing career. Chopin completed a second novel, to have been called Young Dr. She became active in St. During the next decade, although maintaining an active social life, she plunged into her work and kept accurate records of when she wrote her hundred or so short stories, which magazines she submitted them to, when they were accepted or rejected and published, and how much she was paid for them. Chopin traveled to New York and Boston to seek a publisher for a novel and a collection of stories. Bayou Folk was a success.
Chopin wrote that she had seen a hundred press notices about it. The collection was written up in the New York Times and the Atlantic , among other places, and most reviewers found its stories pleasant and charming.
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They liked its use of local dialects. Chopin traveled that year to a conference of the Western Association of Writers in Indiana and published in Critic an essay about her experience, an essay that offers a rare insight into what she thinks about writers and writing.
It is human existence in its subtle, complex, true meaning, stripped of the veil with which ethical and conventional standards have draped it. Also in Chopin published in St. She did not much like the book, but the way she begins her review is illuminating:. With something of a kindred faith in the sincerity of Mons. Chopin worked on The Awakening that year, finishing the novel in Probably no mainstream American publisher would have printed the story.
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Will be clean, not soiled or stained. Book Details. Books will be free of page markings. See similar items. ISBN : Authors : McDonough, Yona Zeldis. Binding : Hardcover. Product Category : Books.
Only 1 left! Authors: McDonough, Yona Zeldis. Benefits charity. The item shows wear from consistent use, but it remains in good condition and works perfectly. All pages and cover are intact including the dust cover, if applicable. Spine may show signs of wear. Pages may include limited notes and highlighting. May NOT include discs, access code or other supplemental materials. Item ZZ1 0. Author Louisa May Alcott. Title A Country Christmas.
Format Paperback. Publisher Createspace. Condition : Good. About Universal Books Limited. Publisher : Literary Guild. ISBN : X. Authors: Matteson, John. Hospital Sketches by Louisa May Alcott.
Title Hospital Sketches. More than a century after her death, Louisa May Alcott's stories continue to delight readers of all ages. Authors : Louisa May Alcott. Hospital Sketches. Title : Hospital Sketches. Binding : Paperback.
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Notes written throughout book. Publication Date : Nov 1 Paperback The item is fairly worn but still readable. The item may have identifying markings on it or show other signs of previous use.